Some of the common questions regarding software development stacks that we usually stumble upon are: Which technology stack should we use for enterprise application development? How to choose the right technology stack that suits specific business needs? What are the essential components to consider before selecting a particular enterprise technology stack over the other?

We decided to answer all of these questions in a detailed blog to help you understand the nitty-gritty when choosing the best tech stack for developing an enterprise-level application. Let’s get started!

What is a technology stack in enterprise application development?

An enterprise technology stack is essentially a set of different software tools, programming languages, frameworks, databases, front-end tools, back-end tools, and applications connected via APIs. They come together for enterprise software development and build digital products like mobile, web apps, and websites. It is also called a solution stack.

In simple words, it is an ecosystem of data, programs, and tools combined to create and run a specific application or digital product. Tech stacks are typically composed of layers of components and/or servers used to build applications and solutions.

Before the popularity of SaaS products and services, technology stacks were relatively simple: Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP (LAMP), a PHP-based web application development standard, and WAMP (Windows, Apache, MySQL, PHP for those who preferred Windows to Linux).

However, now product teams and engineers have access to a wealth of tools and software development stacks, especially for a progressive web app. That helps them build and maintain the perfect product for their market segment. For example, a company in the early stages that is still finding traction might choose low-cost, flexible options they can adjust later, while another might select technology that maximizes scalability, so they can serve enterprise customers.

Further Reading: AWS vs Azure: How Did The Cloud Computing War For Enterprise App Development Begin?

Technology stack components for enterprise application development

There are two main components in any app: the client (front end) and the server (back end). There are layers for enterprise application development. They are built on top of each other, creating a stack.

Frontend technology stack:

Frontend or client-side refers to everything that users see on their screens and where they interact with the application. These are the three main front-end technologies:

  • HTML (the markup language)
  • CSS (the stylesheet)
  • JavaScript (the scripting language)

Backend technology stack:

The backend or the server-side is the one that is not visible to a user. But its programming languages create the logic and functions as the backbone of websites and applications. The backend consists of frameworks that enable developers to save time. They provide vetted versions of commonly used features (user authentication, data access) to their customers.

Now that we have covered the basics of technology stacks, let’s move on to some of the popularly used technology stacks available for enterprise application development.

Further Reading: How To Choose The Best From Native, Web and Hybrid App Development?

Some of the most popularly used & best technology stacks for enterprise application development

Here are some of the popular and best software development stacks for enterprise-level application development:


enterprise application development

Mean Stack is an open-source JavaScript software stack that can be used by developers to build dynamic enterprise apps and websites. It includes MongoDB, Express.js, Angular JS (or Angular), and Node.js. In MEAN Stack, JavaScript is used for both the development of client and server-side applications. Additionally, this makes the development of these applications easy to code for developers and the transition process easier. Some of the variations of MEAN are MEEN-MongoDB, Express.js, Ember.js, and Node.js.


enterprise application development

MERN is nearly similar to MEAN, with the exception that Angular.js is replaced by React. The main advantages of MERN are the integration of React, its powerful library source, its ability to deploy codes simultaneously on servers and browsers, as well as its full-stack development (frontend and backend) options. The programming languages used by React are JavaScript XML and Virtual DOM with easy implementation of changes.

React is a framework popular for its flexibility, performance, and enabling web apps with interactive UI. Featuring an extensive suite of tools for testing, the MERN technology stack is open source with strong community support. It is one of the most popular technology stacks of 2022.

Further Reading: How To Develop Apps Link Airbnb And Slack?


.NET is a robust and battle-tested framework, exclusively used for building dynamic applications. The .NET stack is a portion of the Overflow Stack, which is a wide-ranging tech stack with the ability to satisfy the demands of any developer. When combined with other open source technologies, the .NET stack enables the development of small-scale applications as well as enterprise-level applications with extensive features. There are 60 frameworks and platforms in the .NET stack, including CLI languages spread across 13 layers.


The Ruby on Rails (ROR) stack allows for quick app development due to its fast integration features. This framework is highly scalable, follows the Active Record pattern, and functions with MySQL at the backend. With Ruby on Rails, you have a built-in database and a large collection of open-source codes. It is easy to make changes and saves a lot of time.


Flutter is one of the technology stacks that transformed the cross-platform industry. Some of the components of Flutter include the Flutter engine, the Dart platform, Foundation Library, and design-specific widgets. With Flutter, you can develop applications for the Web, iOS, Android, Mac, Windows, and Linux from a single codebase and business logic.

The best part of Flutter app development is that there is no compromise on speed while developing user interfaces, adding features, fixing bugs, etc.

While choosing frameworks and tools in a technology stack for enterprise application development, It is important to build the backend with those tools that complement one another. This helps in reducing development time and helps coordinate resources. Overall, it is crucial to deploy a consistent, standardized, and stable technology stack.

Further Reading: Ionic vs Flutter: Best Platform For Hybrid App Development

How to choose the right enterprise solution with the best technology stack?

The important and the most sought-after question remains ‘How to choose the best tech stack for your enterprise solution?’ Let us explain that in this section.

Depending on which set of frameworks suits your application requirements and needs, the choice of your tech stack can influence your project. Hence, your project is not a single deployment but a set of independent deployable components and services written in separate programming languages. To simplify the process of choosing the best tech stack for your enterprise software development, we have listed down some key factors to consider while selecting the tech stack for your next application:

The type of project:

The type of your product or app development also is a deciding factor when you choose your tech stack. If the size of your project is small and has to be delivered in less time, the app development will include a simpler process and options available with built-in features and templates.

On the other hand, if it is a mid-sized or large project, you would require a combination of frameworks and technologies that work best, enabling seamless functioning and integration with enough time for development for various platforms.


The possibilities of scalability of your app development project grow with an approach of feature enhancement and analyzing feedback. Choosing the tech stacks built for testing and which allow several improvements will be the best tech stack for you, in terms of your enterprise product growth. This stage usually comes after an MVP launch and customer feedback. It enables analyzing the gaps in features of the application and further helps in an increase in ROI.

In short, utilizing MVP allows scaling a product with upgraded features and functionality in comparison to a direct launch of the final product.


The expertise of your development team also influences the choice of the best tech stack for your enterprise applications. A development team is responsible for the decision-making, analyzing and deploying of the best technology and frameworks for your business. Thus, an expert team is equipped to deliver innovative solutions to counter issues in the app development process.

This will also allow you to follow a strategic development approach to ensure quality in each module of app development.


While developing an application, it should be flexible to maintain and manage. For example, if the codes are lengthier, it will take a longer time to process and manage. Fixing bugs should be easier too if your development process is strategic and easy to maintain. The choice for the right tech stack, hence, should be easier to manage and maintain in the long run.

Cost of development:

The cost of your app development also is an important deciding factor when it comes to choosing a tech stack. While most tech stacks are available as open-source today but for enhanced functionalities and features you have to buy the licensed version.

Analyzing your budget and choosing the best tech stack accordingly is an important step. You should consider in-built features as well as premium features. Then compare them in terms of your project requirements and budget to choose the best tech stack available for your enterprise application development.


Finally, if you are outsourcing app development, choosing the right software vendors and product development company is important. With the right tech stack, your product can be easier to build, easier to update, and can evolve in step with your customers’ needs.

As an enterprise product development company, our team of experts follows a strategic approach to delivering robust apps tailored to particular project needs and requirements using modern and up-to-date technologies. We cover important elements from conceptualizing, ideation, evaluation, MVP development, features enhancement, product launch and branding.

With Markovate enterprises build apps that are highly scalable, high-performant, and add value to the business. A team of specialists will manage mobile app development for you. Our experts strategically analyze your project information and assist you in determining the best tech stack, new feature priority, product development, branding etc.

If you have more questions regarding choosing a tech stack for your app development, let us know about your project information to get expert assistance.

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